Spanish verb tenses terminology


In English, you say present perfect, but in Spanish we say pretérito perfecto, antepresente, and in the U. S. people also call it presente perfecto, These differences happen usually between Latin America and Spain, and sometimes between schools, like instituto Cervantes and Columbia or NYU. Here is a table showing these name differences.

Example English Spanish (Bello) Spanish (Academia) Also
indicative indicativo
yo hablo present presente presente
yo hablé preterite pretérito pretérito perfecto simple pretérito indefinido, indefinido, pasado
yo hablaba imperfect copretérito pretérito imperfecto imperfecto
yo hablaré future futuro futuro simple
yo hablaría conditional pospretérito condicional simple condicional, potencial, potencial simple
yo he hablado present perfect antepresente pretérito perfecto presente perfecto
yo hube hablado antepretérito pretérito anterior
yo había hablado pluperfect antecopretérito pretérito pluscuamperfecto
yo habré hablado future perfect antefuturo futuro perfecto
yo habría hablado conditional perfect antepospretérito potencial compuesto condicional perfecto
subjuntive subjuntivo
yo hable present subjunctive presente del subjuntivo presente del subjuntivo
yo hablara / yo hablase imperfect subjunctive pretérito del subjuntivo pretérito imperfecto del subjuntivo imperfecto del subjuntivo
yo hablare future subjunctive futuro del subjuntivo futuro simple del subjuntivo futuro imperfecto del subjuntivo
yo haya hablado present perfect subjunctive antepresente del subjuntivo pretérito perfecto del subjuntivo presente perfecto del subjuntivo
yo hubiera hablado pluperfect subjunctive antepretérito del subjuntivo pretérito pluscuamperfecto del subjuntivo
yo hubiere hablado future perfect subjunctive antefuturo del subjuntivo futuro perfecto del subjuntivo

I prefer to refer to verb tenses by its English name. The possibilities of getting confused are less…. as you can see.

Bello refers to Andrés Bello (1781-1865), a Venezuelan scholar.


Originally published on 20110806. Latest update 20210303 ( top

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